A Speedwell Classique 3 Step-through :

A little love for a “late model” Australian badged, Taiwanese built, three speed. Plus some info on old Shimano three speed hubs!

a new recyclist

classique by name

This Speedwell doesn’t fall into the “Speedwell Diaries” category for me, because it’s too modern …. if the 1980s can now be called ‘modern’. 

By that decade, Speedwells were no longer manufactured in Australia, and as with many other mainstream brands, this 27″ model came from Taiwan. I have a soft spot for the older loop frame Speedwells in the old 28” ( 37-642 ) wheel size, and already have a couple of those.

it even has the original branded saddle ..

Unlike the majority of ‘ten speed sports bikes’ of the period, this came with a Shimano 3S three speed internal hub, which makes it a neat little town bike for the less hilly locations. There was also a related ‘Classique 10’, a typical 80s derailleur model that sold alongside the “3”. 

the Shimano 3S

The poor thing had been sitting in pieces in…

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An unexpected three speed: Heavy Duti 2.5

The Heavy Duti enters the three speed fold…

Urban Adventure League

At the same time I dropped off the Raleigh Superbe’s rear wheel at the shop, I also dropped off my long-neglected Schwinn Heavy Duti. The 2.0 version had a good run for about a year and a half, but needed work. I fully intended to drop it off in January, when the shop was slow. Then I got broke, and didn’t get money until right around pandemic broke. The bike wasn’t a priority. But now is a good a time as ever to get some bike work done.

One thing I wanted done was the front rack. I swapped the smaller Wald basket with the Wald “Pizza Rack” on the Raleigh Crested Butte. I wanted the Crested Butte to be a lighter, nimbler bike. And I figured that the Heavy Duti should live up to its name’s potential: a freight hauler. With a giant porteur rack and a rear rack…

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Three Speed Tires in a Derailleur Era: Yet another search for 26″ x 1 3/8″

Last month, I got a flat from glass as I was running errands. I intended to do the flat fix where I was, which was basically beside I-84. Amazingly, since I couldn’t hear anything but the roar of the freeway, I figured out where the puncture was, made sure the tire was clean, and put a new tube in. Then I realized the folly of trying to inflate the tire there, as I only had my Zefal “Lepize” pump. Yes, it looks pretty in a vintage way, and fits neatly into the pump pegs. But using it is a whole ‘nother thing. After ten minutes of pumping, I was barely halfway at inflation. Deflated, er, defeated, I called Emee and she picked me up in the Emeemobile.

At home I intended to pump the tire up fully and remount wheel. That’s when I noticed that there was a broken spoke. So I brought the wheel to the bike shop for them to fix.

Since COVID-19 has made bicycles much more valuable, shops in Portland have been mightily busy. It was over two weeks later that I could pick the wheel up. I was happy to have the wheel back, since I had been itching to get on a three speed again.*

“Oh, I don’t know if you noticed”, said the mechanic, “but you have a hole in the sidewall.”


Sure enough, there was a nice abrasion patch a couple inches wide on the whitewall of my Schwalbe Delta Cruiser. I could see the wire mesh underneath the rubber. As noted by the shop, it probably happened in transportation, meaning it rubbed up against something in the van. Dang.

The hole didn’t go all the way through, but I wasn’t taking any chances. When I got home, I mounted an older cream-colored Delta Cruiser so I could at least ride it while I figured out what to do. I’m not super-OCD, but I don’t like mismatched tires, especially when they’re that obviously mismatched. So I went on the hunt for a new tire, and decided to see if there’s anything new out there.

Raleigh Superbe with Schwalbe Delta Cruisers


Anyone who’s spent some time around old three speeds, whether British or some of the American counterparts** know that there’s not much selection in the 26″ x 1 3/8″/650A/ISO 590 tire size. There’s a few good standards and a whole lotta meh. I started researching this uncommon tire size back in 2010, when I got my Raleigh Wayfarer. I’d hoped that ten years later selection would have improved, but it’s unfortunately the opposite–the pickings got slimmer. What I have found out is below. Please note that I tried my best to link directly to the tire maker’s website, but that isn’t always possible. So I don’t particularly endorse any of the commerce sites. And due to the nature of all this, I expect many of these links to be dead in a year or three, so if it ain’t working, remember that Google (or the search engine of your choice) can be your friend.

  • Schwalbe Delta Cruiser: This tire has become the “standard bearer” for this wheel size. It hits the sweet spot of durability, rideability, looks, and price. The Delta Cruiser is most famous for its “cream” version, which is what I’ve used off and on over the years, first on that Raleigh Wayfarer. They also offer a straight-up black and black with white sidewalls, which is what I have on the Superbe. The white sidewall version is probably what I’ll end up getting. I’ve seen gumwall and brown offered in other wheel sizes, but not for 590, which is unfortunate.
    • Schwalbe is now offering up a “Delta Cruiser Plus” which offers more flat protection at about $10 more a tire. They have it in cream and black. I haven’t had any experience with this tire, and may try it out when I want more cream ones. But I feel that the regular Delta Cruisers are pretty good for flat protection, so I wonder how much ride quality may suffer.
    • Also worth noting is that Schwalbe offers Marathon and Marathon Plus tires in this size. I have never used them for 590 but used the 700C version on my touring bikes. Marathons are renowned for their flat protection at the cost of ride quality. As it is, these tires are pretty expensive, and the regular Delta Cruisers are pretty good when it comes to flat protection, so I’d only go this route if you are supremely concerned about flats.*** (Worth noting: The Marathon Plus is offered in both 37 mm and 42 mm. The 42 mm should be the widest tire you can get in this size, but I’d be really concerned about clearance issues.)
  • Panaracer Randonneur or Col de la Vie. The “other” nice tire often found in this size. The Rolling Stones to the Delta Cruisers’ Beatles. (Or The Replacements to the Delta Cruisers’ Husker Du?) The Col de la Vie is gumwall with a classic “brick” tread. It’s a wee bit wider than most tires in this size (40 mm vs the standard 35-37 mm), which can be good and bad. (Good: Wider tires are cool! Bad: May have clearance issues with some bikes, as these bikes were designed around one tire width only.) It’s also more supple than Delta Cruisers, which also can be good and bad. (Good: A cushier ride! Bad: More flat prone.) The max pressure is rated at 45 psi, which may give pause to those who like higher-pressure tires. The first time I used these tires in 2014 or so, I overinflated. And I got a lot of flats. Since I started using them again, I keep pressure to 40-45 psi, and I have gotten few flats. Still, I keep these tires on the Robin Hood, the “sportier” bike that’s not a daily driver.
  • Kenda/Sunlite. Kenda offers a few different options in this size. You can get black, gumwall, or whitewall. They are fine tires, though not as high quality as Schwalbe or Panaracer. I’ve used the Sunlite “Nimbus” version on a couple bikes, and had no issues. They have probably the most “off-road” tread of these tires. Also worth noting is the Sunlite Street Classic in whitewall, which features that classic “block” tread which would have originally come on these bikes. The Kenda offerings are all on the less expensive side, and are most likely the only tire you’ll see in this size if you walk into a bike shop.
  • If you want to go super esoteric, super fancy, and super supple, Grand Bois offers a 650x32A tire. Yeah, it’s narrow, and it’s also pretty flat prone. But they are out there, if you want to spend about $70 a tire.
  • That wraps up the “known”. Most major tire manufacturers offer up at least one token tire in this size (Conti is conspicuously absent), but they don’t seem to be that common. Many of them aren’t even available in the US, so you have to order overseas

I feel that we’ve lost a few offerings over the past decade. And I remember that it was possible to get the Michelin and Rubena tires in the US, in fact Cyclone Supply (R.I.P.) here in Portland used to be the US Rubena distributor. What I do know is that Schwalbe and Panaracer offer the best overall tires in the size (in my opinion), Kenda will be the option most easily available, and Grand Bois is there if you really want something exotic.

Robin Hood with Panaracer Col de la Vie tires.


Ten years and no improvement. Yet, there’s still plenty of bikes out there that use this size. Why the lack of selection?

I think it’s because we don’t have a “650A Evangelist”, someone to tout the benefit of this wheel size, convince others, and get the manufacturers to notice. If you think this idea is far-fetched, I ask you to look at 650B: It was a very French “obscure” tire in the US until the likes of Grant Petersen and Jan Heine touted their advantages: smaller than 700C, able to get wider tires on a road frame, better for smaller riders. Now new bikes are spec’d with this size, there’s quite a bit of tire offerings in this size, and it’s no longer so obscure. And now the mountain bike industry adapted 650B into 27.5″.

Why didn’t Grant and Jan go for 650A instead of B? The difference in bead seat diameter between the two wheel sizes are a measly six millimeters. The outer tire diameter was essentially the same.****

Well, besides the fact that 650B is just that much wider, it comes down to provenance. 650A is British, 650B French. It’s pretty obvious that Jan likes French bikes, which explains his bias. I don’t think Grant was as big into the whole French thing, but I don’t think he was much into British bikes, either. I know that he doesn’t like internal gear hubs, so there you go.*****

If I had the means, I’d like to make a new 26″ x 1 3/8″ available. Something like a Panaracer Col de la Vie with more flat protection, priced reasonably. I know that it’s possible to commission Panaracer to do so, but you’ll need a lot of cash to make that happen. And I’m broke.

For now, I’ll try to keep happy with the offerings by Panaracer, Schwalbe, and Kenda. And try to evangelicise for 26″ x 1 3/8″, 650A, 590, E.A. 3, or however you want to call it.

If you know of any tires that aren’t on the list, or find a dead link, please note it in the comments. If you do have a different tire, please be as specific as possible with the info, and please note what country you reside, as it may not be available worldwide.

*I do have the Robin Hood, but due to setup, it’s not as useful as a day-to-day rider. Plus, it also needs a bit of work.

**Schwinn used its own specific size, S-6, which was confusingly also labeled 26″ x 1 3/8″. The bead seat diameter on the S-6 tire is 597 mm, just 7 mm bigger than standard 26″ x 1 3/8″. The tires don’t interchange. As far as I know, there’s only two modern versions of the tire, both made by Kenda. To make it more confusing, some online bike retailers mislabel the true 26″ x 1 3/8″/650A/ISO 590 size as “Schwinn Specific”.

***At this point I will note that 590 is also a wheelchair wheel size. So something like the Marathon Plus with super flat protection would be ideal for that purpose. This also means you might be able to buy a tire at a medical supply store.

****If you compare the classic widths of the two sizes, 650x35A and 650X38B. Now, 650B comes in a wider array of widths, generally on the wider side.

*****I’m pretty sure Jan Heine doesn’t like IGH’s either, because they’re “less efficient” than derailleurs or somesuch.

More Stuff About Hubs – Sturmey Archer AW and SW :

Some nice thoughts about AW and SW hubs from Peter.

a new recyclist

I’d worked on some hubs back when the summer weather had been so hot – it allowed me to get some fiddly jobs done, while keeping fairly cool in the shade. 

AW3 – the ubiquitous ( and simplest ) 3-speed.

Some of these hubs had been waiting a long time for overhaul, and it’s nice to have them cleaned and tidy, ready for use, instead of in messy boxes, full of uncertainties.

some of the S-A hubs – the more compact SW on the left, home made “oil-stopper” on the right.

I had inspected my small collection of 40 hole Sturmey Archer hubs, finding both good and bad things inside. The common AW 3-speed hubs are fairly easy to overhaul, if one is a bit methodical with the order of parts and with cleaning. Most of the time is taken up by removing the sludge and/or rust off the…

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Not the Lake Pepin Three Speed Tour: Our ride, 17 May 2020

Due to the current pandemic, the Lake Pepin Three Speed Ride scheduled for the past weekend did not happen. But Jon, the (shirt-tail) organizer, told people that they should do their own Three Speed Ride over the weekend. It could be around Lake Pepin or wherever people lived. It could be one day, it could be both days. Emee and I were determined to do something here in Portland.

The weather forecast for the weekend was iffy: a chance of rain and possible thunderstorms both days. It was looking like Sunday would be the better of the two days, so that’s what we decided on. After a late and leisurely brunch, we left the house Sunday afternoon (Sunday May 17), aiming for Luuwit View Park for a picnic/tea stop, then see what else we wanted to do.

The ride to Luuwit View was good. The weather was partly cloudy with a high of 70F/21C. There seemed to be thundershowers in the distance on the radar, but they stayed in the mountains, never coming to the valley floor. Luuwit View was big and spacious, something we wanted if we were going to hang out outside for a bit. The distant clouds obscured Mount Hood, but Mount Saint Helens, aka Luuwit, was still visible to the north. We reflected on the fact that 40 years ago today (Monday, as you are reading this) is when St. Helens had its (in)famous destructive eruption. If this were 1980, we’d have a good (and safe) view of this event!

We had a wee picnic at a picnic table. I brought the Trangia 27 Stormcooker set for our tea brew-up. It was a good idea, as it was pretty windy out. We snacked on some fine Irish cheddar and biscuits, and washed it all down with the tea and a bit of bubbly.

The weather was still nice, and we had a few more hours of sun. Why not ride a bit more? First, we made a pit stop to Level Brewing, Portland’s most far flung brewery (but only a mile and a half from the park!) During these trying times we are doing our best to support local beer. We arranged a contactless pickup of a couple six packs.

From there, we headed a little further east. We got on the secret path by the Columbia Slough for a bit. Down here, things were peaceful and tranquil, so we hung out by the water for a bit. We also checked out the overlook over the wetlands at NE Mason Dr and Airport Way. We saw a hawk (or maybe an osprey?) in the distance, and a white heron hunting in the water. I love spots like this!

It was getting dark, so we pushed on back home. It was 18 miles of riding total, a nice afternoon jaunt. Sure, it’s not like Lake Pepin, but hopefully we can get out there next year!

See our route here.

Exploring the Columbia Slough between NE 158th Av and Airport Way, 17 May 2020

A “Do-it-Yourself” Lake Pepin Adventure This Weekend!

The Stone Wall in Old Frontenac. From the 2018 Lake Pepin Three Speed Tour

Hello, friends of Three Speeds. For obvious reasons the annual Lake Pepin Three Speed Tour is not happening this year. This beautiful loop around a natural lake on the Mississippi River in Wisconsin and Minnesota would have occurred this coming weekend (May 16-17).

But fear not! Jon, the (shirt-tail) organizer of this event has proposed that you have your own Lake Pepin styled adventure of your own, anywhere in the world! Here is the official declaration:

Get out your favourite Trusty Steed, march proudly out your back door and go for a ride. Pick Saturday, May 16th or Sunday the 17th (or both), choose a direction, and head out. Pack a lunch, strong sweet tea, cake, and your mouldy canvas rain cape and enjoy the day. Be sure your saddle is a bit hard and your tyres are a bit soft and don’t forget to take photos because this is a 3-Speed Tour after all. Stop at all the overlooks and historic markers you can find. Once you have returned, upload your photos somewhere that we can all view and write it up on the Gentleman Cyclist list. Once you are settled into the overstuffed chair for the evening, enjoy your favourite stout or if you entertained the inevitable flat tyre during your 3-Speed Tour, better go with the Belgian Ale. For a little icing on the cake, send your address * and I will forward a plague-yellow 2020 bagtag in return.

Sounds like a great idea!

Emee and I hope to have our own little Three-Speed Adventure here in Portland this weekend. Hopefully the weather holds out…

*Send your address to Jon, not me. I don’t have the bag-tags.